Across the United States, toxic water and unaffordable water bills are infringing on the basic human rights of poor people and communities of color. The dangers of unsafe water and the financial burdens of upgrading aging water systems are not borne equally. Water contamination, unaffordable utility bills and lack of basic services disproportionately affect low-income households and people of color. The federal government needs to invest in water infrastructure to help ensure universal access to safe drinking water and reliable wastewater disposal. Improving our water systems is an issue of public and environmental health, and it is an issue of economic and racial justice.